This essay examines the evolution of modern anti-Indian movement in North America. and the varied ways that Indian and Indian support movements have responded m them. It is written by an organizer with a background in Native support groups throughout the Upper Midwest with a perspective in support of treaty rights. It contends that anti-Indian movements cannot be countered without an understanding of deeper economic, political, and cultural issues. While Indians and some non-Indians in a certain region may be at loggerheads over treaty rights today, tomorrow they could be fighting together against the real threat to both their livelihoods — governmental and corporate policies.